Colonial Government of Kenya  offered Zionists permanent settlement in Kenya 

Mombasa Visit of Rt Hon Joseph Chamberlain ( he was briefly Britain's secretary for the colonies) and his wife in 1902, Mrs Chamberlain is seated next to Sir Charles Eliot in the lead push car , they spent 6 days in the country on their way to South Africa.
During his visit , he gained the impression of a largely uninhibited land, ripe for exploitation, the seeds were sown for his subsequent decision to offer the Zionists 50000 square miles of East Africa as a self-governing Jewish settlement under British protection. There was a public outcry however the offer was finally turned down by the Jews themselves for the sole reason that it would have compromised their demands to carve out a Jewish homeland in Palestine. But for that Rejection, the future development of Kenya might have turned out differently ( Caroline Kere)


Fighting the Kisii

Reported 02nd May 1908 

Last week brought details of the recent successful expedition against the Kisii clan in the British East Africa Protectorate  inflamed by a “witch doctor” who prevailed as anti-European crusade rose in revolt, murdered several British subjects and attempted to assassinate Mr. Northcote, the British Resident. The operations took place that part of the Protectorate bordering the shores of the Lake Nyanza. The troops consisted of King’s African Rifles (KAR ) armed police and Nandi levies were sent to the scene of the Uganda Railways detrained at the Lake-Shore Terminus voyaged in Barges lighters to Kenda Bay (Kendu Bay) and thence had a two days’ march to the post at Kisii. The Column was more than a mile long of “drives” in disaffected country, the burning of huts and the capturing of cattle. There were a few casualties on either side. One of the chiefs, Ndube, who was dressed in European clothes Cawnpore helmet, received the force in peace at his village. The British Officers held numerous conferences with the native and the whole expedition was so successfully carried out, that though the scene of the trouble was 250 miles from the seat of the Government the operations were over in less than a month.

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Colonel Richard Meinertzhagen, CBE, DSO (3 March 1878 – 17 June 1967)


By 1913 he was again in India. From January 1915 through August 1916 Meinertzhagen served as chief of British military intelligence for the East Africa theatre at Nairobi. His diaries records of this campaign contain harsh assessments of senior officers, of the role played by the Royal Navy and of the quality of the Indian units sent to East Africa.
His incompetency is what led to hundreds if not thousands British Indian troops killed in Tanga against the Germans.

Nandi Resistances (1894 – 1906)



East Africa 1700-1950

by Sanderson Beck

The ‘mad' Kenyan woman who rattled the British

Mekatilili wa Menza may have been in the freedom struggle scene for a short time, but her contribution in raising the African consciousness among the Giriama people of the Coastal Kenya was immense.

Mekatilili was one of the first women in Kenya to rise up against the British in 1913. Her bravery, oratorical power and charisma earned her a huge following and saw her mobilise the Giriama to take oaths and offer sacrifices to restore their sovereignty.


Mekatilili, prophetess of the 1913 Giriama revolt


By Veleda On January 17, 2011 Amazing: i found yet another medicine woman who led a revolt against colonial rule, Mekatilili of the Giriama in coastal Kenya. She “was noted as a charismatic speaker who commanded respect.” She convoked the Giriama to take oaths and offer sacrifices to restore their sovereignty.


Mekatilili wa Menza: She Feared No Man


Stunning new images celebrate Kenyan female icon who stood up to colonialists


Although Champion did not openly confess that the government had lost all control over the Giriama, his recommendations for restrictions and force indicate how completely the year of dedicated efforts on the part of the British government had failed. In his October report conceded that Mekatalili campaign had been effective “Every Giriyama is much afraid of the Kiraho (oath) than of the government”. At one point Champion frustrated pursued Mekatilili until finally, on 17 October , with the help of Mkowa and his deputy, he arrested her near Garashi. She signed a statement in Champions presence, but did not admit to any wrong doing (Kombi wa Yeri statement). Later that same day Champion arrested Wanje (probably at his nearby home in Masendeni). Fisi….Literally, hyena; the most scared Giriyama oath. Also, the medicine men who are qualified to administer the oath.

The increase in population occurred through continuous assimilation of people during the nineteenth century. Ex- slaves , Waata, Orama, and other Mijikenda joined the Giriama clans. Some entered Giriama families as dependents and others attached themselves to clans independently, but all were able to take advantage of Giriama trade.


Facts about the nine tribes of Mijikendas

The Mijikenda tribe is a Kenyan coastal Bantu tribe that consists of nine closely related sub-tribes.

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The Mau Mau Uprising, a revolt against colonial rule in Kenya.

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40,000 Kenyans accuse Britain of abuse and torture in second Mau Mau law suit.


This was certainly a sad episode in historic terms for many who got killed and lost their loved one’s on both sides during the Mau Mau uprising but many have lost much more.
In Kenya the bitter and violent Mau Mau rebellion against the British rule saw the death of thirty-two white settlers. But more than 1800 African civilians, over 3000 African police and soldiers, and 12,000 Mau Mau rebels were killed. In the war’s full seven-year course. Britain sent more 1000 of her African subjects to the gallows, and at the peak of the struggle held more than 70,000 Africans in detention camps without trial Colonial Kenya was a Police state, as chillingly brutal as any other.
So it is only just that over 41,000 Kenyans have waged an attempt to sue the British government for compensation, alleging maltreatment and physical abuse during a Mau Mau uprising in the 1950s against UK colonial rule.
The litigation suit, launched at the high court in central London, marks the second Mau Mau case against the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) in recent years. First one was successful as we all know:


Dedan Kimathi




Due to the failure of the Devonshire White paper to solve African problems, Africans started forming underground movements. Up to 1944 a European missionary represented Africans on the Legislative council.  The Kenyan population broke down into secret societies on tribal and   tradition basis.


 After 1945, a number of political groups were formed some of which led to the
formation of the Mau-Mau. The group that spearheaded this was that of the dissatisfied ex-soldiers known as the “FORTY GROUP” in 1946.They began by organizing opposition of European policies e.g. stopping the kikuyu from terracing their land.


 The group was then joined by the other groups and formed one called “Kenya Land and Freedom Army”. In 1946, they got in touch with Kenyatta after he had returned from Britain, he was the leader of the Kenya African Union (KAU) (after James Gichuru) and this organization was later called Mau-Mau.

Mau Mau



In 1949, Richard Meinertzhagen, who was the scourge of the Kikuyus in the early 20th century and later converted to the African cause, made one of his visits to Kenya. He was then warned by one of the Kikuyu chiefs about a secret society that was shaping to throw the whites away from the country.


PSYOP of the Mau-Mau Uprising


Among the Kikuyu, the embrace of a radical political posture was symbolized by taking the oath of unity with and allegiance to the Mau Mau movement. This oath, initially administered at Kiambu in 1950, was supposed to inject courage into those who were initiated (Edgerton 1989). It was also supposed to be administered to as many Kikuyu as possible.


The spears and shield represent defense of Kenyan freedom.


A massacre and a friendship – Kedong massacre (1895)


The 1895 Kedong Massacre: When The Maasai smote  600 Men In One Incident. Read on

The 1895 Kedong Massacre: When The Maasai smote  600 Men In One Incident. Read on

Pass holder, or kipande.
Under British colonial rule, papers inside this Kenyan kipande recorded its African owner’s name and work history, and listed the rules restricting movement.

Gift of Ivan Karp

Lest We Forget…

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 Jaswant Singh Bharaj..A supporter of the African struggle for freedom in Kenya- born in Lakhpur in Punjab in 1935, first came to Kenya in 1940 to join his father, who worked with the Uganda Railway. He supplied piping to the Mau Mau fighters for making guns and taught a few of them the art of gun-malking. Bharaj was arrested in May 1954, tried and sentenced to be hanged. In the appeal the sentence was reduced to life imprisonment but he was released in 1958 after serving four and a half years in Takwa Detention camp, off Mombasa along with other detainees such as John Mbiyu Koinange, Achieng Oneko and Mr M.C. Chokwe...Last heard of in the early 1960s in a temporary job as a carpenter...WHAT HAPPENED TO HIM, HIS FAMILY? Eager to know.


Jaswant Singh Bahraj (1935-?) was a Punjabi Sikh whose father had immigrated to Kenya in 1914. Singh was forced to serve as a police reservist in the colonial government under a mandatory Asian call-up into the police force. He was sympathetic to the Mau Mau movement having been heavily influenced by the ideology of the Revolutionary Party of India that advocated for armed struggle against the British during his studies in India.

While serving as a police reservist, he put his gun making skills to use, teaching members of the Mau Mau movement on how to build guns and other weaponry. Singh also provided a safe haven for fighters hiding from the colonial government.

For these acts of subversion against the colonial government, he was arrested in 1954 and sent to Manda Island detention camp. At the camp, he spent four-and-a-half years with prominent prisoners such as Pio Gama Pinto and Achieng’ Oneko.

Very little is known of his life after Kenya’s independence.




 Seventeen (17) petition files containing signatures of 1,018,525 people, who prescribed to the plea for the release of Mr Jomo Kenyatta. They included 1,500 signatures of Asian women collected by Mrs Urmilaben Ramanbhai Patel (middle) and Mrs Saraswatiben Manubhai Patel (right), as well as 2,000 signatures of Europeans. GREAT WOMEN..


Kindly Provided and Narrated by Andrew Kuria

Remembering the Late Bhagat Singh of Meru, Kenya  by Jeff Itunga

Field Marshall Musa Mwariama's wife, Jacinta Kabika Mwariama aka Gen. Nkobia. She achieved her desire to meet the family of the Meru Singh.


A hero, they say may not be recognised at their home, but that will never be the end of heroism. Today I take the honour of remembering the late Bhagat Singh, a great son of the great Meru Nation. This hero, without an iota of shame or indecision took upon himself, the duty of driving Field Marshall Musa Mwariama and Jacinta Mwariama, herself a designated military general, from their last hideouts of the dense Nyambene forest to Ruring'u Stadium, Nyeri to finally lay down their arms under the independent Kenyan flag. The journey wasn't without challenges and Bhagat against all the odds, of even being mistaken for a traitor or colonial sympathiser, braved it all for the love of freedom and the dignity of humanity. That successful journey and the achievements of the independence has been a great source of joy and pride for Bhagat, as long as he lived. The same will remain embedded in his family line forever. Yesterday's historic visit by Jacinta to the family of Bhagat Singh, was an ideal celebration of the role Bhagat played as a patriot in the attainment of the Kenyan freedom. 



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Kenya: Harambee is not a Hindu god and can not be a hindu word it is a Swahili word and Kenyan 12 Replies Dear Friends, I would like to say that as much as the word Harambee may sound the same as the Hindu word Hare Ambe or the like I object in the strongest terms that it means the same with what …

It is in History that Mzee Jomo Kenyatta is the one who used this word “ Harambee” when he found the Mijikenda people using it to urge the people to work together. The word is a Bantu word from one of the Miji Kenda dialect Halumbe which means pull or push together.
So, why use this word “Harambee” when Kenyatta was himself from a Kikuyu back ground?

One has to read African history and the name Mekatilili, prophetess of the 1913 Giriama revolt is held high amongst many Kenyans.

Among the nine Mijikenda sub-tribes, the Giriama and the Digo are the most well-known, most populous, and therefore, most dominant along the Kenyan coast. The other seven sub-tribes are the Chonyi, Duruma, Jibana, Kambe, Kauma, Rabai and Ribe. It's very common for other Kenyan tribes to refer to all Mijikenda people simply as Giriama.

Mekatilili wa Menza was born in the 1840s, the only daughter in a poor family of five children “She is a heroine of her and our time also. She advocated freedom and basic human rights for all,” an amazing super human being of that time and taking on the might of the British was unheard of….

Killing of Isher Dass

The bodies of two Sikhs who were hanged at Kamiti Maximum prison in 1942 for murdering  Isher Dass ,a Kenyan Politician and a champion of the rights of Africans .His murder was the first political assassination of a sitting member of LegCo (now parliament) in the history of Kenya .Dass who was a great Orator and Marxist arrived in Kenya in 1927 after he was hired by Jeevanjee to sell radios .

He later ventured into politics and quickly became a thorn in the side of the colonial government. In LegCo he established himself as the de facto spokesman of Africans and Indians grievances .In 1938 when Muindi Mbingu led  Akamba in protest over cattle destocking measures introduced in Ukambani by the colonial government, it was Dass who pressed their case viciously to the government .He helped Muindi Mbingu write a letter of protest to the Governor which he himself (Dass) delivered to the Governor.

Mbingu was later arrested and detained for leading the protest , something that made Dass to even stirr more trouble. On August 17th after failing severally to overturn the detention of Mbingu, he made a long and impassioned speech in defence of the Akamba in LegCo.  The same year he travelled to Nyanza (Kavirondo) together with Jesse Kariuki where he warned Luos and Luhyas against giving their land to Europeans ,he also warned the government that it could not ignore the voices of Africans for too long without difficulty.

Although to Africans he was a militant Indian who supported African courses back in India at the start of World War 1 he was already being seen as a traitor. He had taken the position of director of Indian man Power during the war, a position which he used to forcefully recruit Indians to fight for the British.

His sudden decision to support the British earned him more enemies and on 6th November 1942 he was shot in his office inside Desai Memorial hall Nairobi by two Sikhs.

The two sikhs were treated as martyrs by Indians .

Odhiambo Levin Opiyo

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Mohamedally and Maniben Rattansi Educational Trust


Mohamedally Rattansi was a humble man who never sought publicity for himself, not even when he founded a large Educational Trust. Only at the insistence of the founding Directors appointed to run the Trust was he persuaded that a formal ceremony be held for him to consign the property deeds to the then Governor of Kenya, Sir Evelyn Baring.

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Kenya's Wahindis

The uneasy life of Indians in Kenya.

Taxation without Principles:

A Historical analysis of the Kenyan Taxation System

Attiya Waris*

Attiya Waris is an Assistant Lecturer, Department of Commercial Law,

School of Law of the University of Nairobi in Kenya.;p=marie+madeleine;n=larrieu+let;type=tree

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US Lawyer who Wrote Kenya's First Constitution

The lawyer who wrote Kenya’s first laws was a stickler for justice and was so incensed by the founding President Jomo Kenyatta for ‘discriminating’ against Asians after he was made Prime Minister in 1963.

A glimpse of the people, incidents, facts and figures that tell the Kenyan story


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